Body weight loss and weight maintenance in relation to habitual caffeine intake and green tea supplementation.

Published: 2005
Author: Plantenga

OBJECTIVE:

Investigation of the effect of a green tea-caffeine mixture on weight maintenance after body weight loss in moderately obese subjects inrelation to habitual caffeine intake.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES:

A randomized placebo-controlled double blind parallel trial in 76 overweight and moderately obese subjects, (BMI, 27.5 +/- 2.7 kg/m2) matched for sex, age, BMI, height, body mass, and habitual caffeine intake was conducted. A very low energy diet intervention during 4 weeks was followed by 3 months of weight maintenance (WM); during the WM period, the subjects received a greentea-caffeine mixture (270 mg epigallocatechin gallate + 150 mg caffeine per day) or placebo.

RESULTS:

Subjects lost 5.9 +/-1.8 (SD) kg (7.0 +/- 2.1%) of body weight (p < 0.001). At baseline, satiety was positively, and in women, leptin was inversely, related to subjects’ habitual caffeine consumption (p < 0.01). High caffeine consumers reduced weight, fat mass, and waist circumference more than low caffeine consumers; resting energy expenditure was reduced less and respiratory quotient was reduced more during weight loss (p < 0.01). In the low caffeine consumers, during WM, green tea still reduced body weight, waist, respiratory quotient and body fat, whereas resting energy expenditure was increased compared with a restoration of these variables with placebo (p < 0.01). In the high caffeine consumers, no effects of thegreen tea-caffeine mixture were observed during WM.

DISCUSSION:

High caffeine intake was associated with weight loss through thermogenesis and fat oxidation and with suppressed leptin in women. Inhabitual low caffeine consumers, the green tea-caffeine mixture improved WM, partly through thermogenesis and fat oxidation.

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